Philippines native house or “bahay kubo” is one of the symbol of Filipino culture. It is made of bamboo grass which can only be found in the Philippines. The roof is made with “nipa” grass, a strong kind of which with long narrow leaves.
The traditional roof shape of the Bahay Kubo is tall and steeply pitched, ending in long leaves. A tall roof creates space above the living area through which warm air could rise, giving the Bahay Kubo a natural cooling effect even during the hot summer season.
Raised up on hardwood stilts which serve as the main posts of the house, Bahay Kubo have a silong ( “shadow”) area under the living space for a number of reasons, the most important of which are to create a buffer area for rising waters during floods and to prevent pests such as rats from getting up to the living area.
Bahay kubo are typically built with large windows, to let in more air and natural light. The most traditional are large awning windows, held open by a wooden rod.
The walls of the living area are made of light materials. Posts, walls, and floors are typically made of wood or bamboo and other light materials. The thatched roof is often made of nipa, anahaw or some other locally plentiful plant. Thus, making it easier for the nipa huts to be moved if needed.