Philippines Traditional Costume


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Igorot Ethic Costumes are colorful and vivid.  It stands out because it combines the beauty of all the other native clothing.

The “bongol” necklace made of rare beads can indicate the standing of a person; the thicker the “bongol” is the more affluent the person is.
The beads are made up of rare stones and gems, which may have originated from China, Malaysia and other foreign lands. It was believed that the ancient i-Kalingas traded with foreign people during the olden times.


The María Clara gown is a traditional gown worn by women in the Philippines.

The baro’t saya consists of a loose, sleeved blouse, which is then worn over a wide, ankle-length skirt.

The Barong Tagalog, more commonly known as simply Barong (and occasionally called Baro), is an embroidered formal shirt and considered the national dress of the Philippines. It is lightweight and worn untucked over an undershirt.



Manobo simply means “people” or “person”; alternate names include Manuvu and Minuvu.

Traditional fabric for clothes was abaca or hemp, weaved by the ikat process, but is now cotton cloth obtained through trade. Dyes were acquired from plants and trees. Ginuwatan are inwoven representational designs such as flowers. If cotton trade cloth is bought, big floral designs are preferred. Typical colors are red, black, yellow, green, blue and white. Manobo ancestors had blankets of abaca fiber which were linetungan if these had multicolored design, and bayas if plain white.


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